Peanut is rich in fat and protein, which is not only the main source of edible vegetable oil, but also provides rich vegetable protein. The protein powder of peanut or degreased peanut cake can be directly used for baking and eating, and can also be used as raw materials or additives for meat products, dairy products, candies and fried foods. Food made from peanut protein powder or additives not only improves protein content, but also improves its functional properties. Peanut protein powder can also be extruded under high pressure to produce protein meat. Peanut is an important raw material of edible vegetable oil industry. Peanut oil can be used to make margarine, shortening, salad oil, blending oil, etc. and also can be used as industrial raw materials. In addition to simple processing, peanuts can be edible. After deep processing, peanuts can also be made into various kinds of food and health products with rich nutrition, good color, fragrance and taste. The by-products of peanut processing, such as peanut shell and peanut cake, can be comprehensively utilized, processed and added value, and economic benefits can be improved.
Traditional peeling is manual peeling. Hand peeling is not only easy to fatigue and injure fingers, but also inefficient. Therefore, farmers in peanut production areas urgently need to use machines instead of manual peeling. The emergence of peanut peeling microwave machine has changed this situation to a great extent, making peasants in peanut production areas no longer need to use the most primitive shelling method for shelling, thus greatly reducing the physical labor of peasants, but also improving the efficiency of peanut shelling.
Peanut peeling microwave machine is a field operation machine that removes the shell of peanut pods and gets peanut kernels. Because of the physiological characteristics of peanut itself, peanut peeling can not be combined with peanut harvesting in the field, but only after the moisture content of peanut pods is reduced to a certain extent. With the continuous development of peanut planting industry, manual peeling of peanuts has been unable to meet the requirements of efficient production. It is urgent to implement mechanization of peeling.
In operation, peanut fruit is extruded, rubbed and peeled under the driving of the drum. The structure is different from that of the closed drum. Peanut fruit is stirred by the open drum. The peeling force is flexible, so its breakage rate is low and can be controlled at 3%-5%. In addition, unlike the lattice concave plate, because of the braided reticulated concave plate, only the single fruit with diameter smaller than the size of the reticulated hole was separated by the reticulated hole, while the double long fruit could not leak out and was still peeled, so the peeling rate was higher.
Mechanization of peanut production is an important part of agricultural modernization and an important guarantee for the sustained and rapid development of agriculture and rural economy. In recent years, the total amount of peanut machinery and equipment has been steadily increasing, the level of operation has been further improved, and the scale of social services has been expanding. Although the level of peanut shelling mechanization is relatively high, it is mostly used in economically developed areas and demonstration and extension areas. And there are many small machines, few large ones, many low-grade ones and few high-performance ones. In some areas, peanut kernels used as seeds and special purposes are still shelled by traditional manual methods, with low labor productivity and unbalanced regional development. In the 21st century, the mechanization of peanut production in China has begun a new stage of development. New changes have taken place in the adjustment of agricultural structure, which has also had a positive and far-reaching impact on the development of peanut machinery. It not only stimulates the new effective demand, but also constructs a new stage suitable for the development of peanut production mechanization, so as to make the mechanization of peanut production a real impetus for the development of rural economy. It provides broad market development conditions. In the process of promoting the mechanization of peanut production in some areas, preferential policies and measures to encourage and support peanut farmers to purchase peanut machinery and carry out peanut machinery operation services have been introduced successively, which mobilizes the enthusiasm of peanut farmers to purchase peanut machinery and forms a new market demand. With the continuous development of peanut planting industry, the demand for peanut deep processing products at home and abroad is increasing. It is necessary to improve the level of peanut shelling mechanization. Peanut sheller plays an active role in improving labor productivity and reducing labor intensity, promoting the scientific and technological progress of peanut processing industry, and providing space for the development of peanut sheller machinery.See the news list>>